International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)

This independent body plays an important part in the attempts to ratify and implement legislation on the movement and control of narcotics as laid down by UN treaties and agreements. Created in 1909 following the first International Opium Commission, the INCB is now responsible for the movement, addition or subtraction of controlled substances from the legislation of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The Board has limited enforcement powers, but it does have the authority to launch investigations if a country fails to carry out the provisions laid down in the Convention. That authority also includes investigation of countries that have not signed the Convention.