There are many diseases that can affect humans and lead to death in a short period of time if nothing is done. One of the most deadly is pulmonary embolism, a condition caused by a blood clot that blocks the arteries of the lungs and heart. Fortunately, immediate treatment can save the patient. Find out more about its definition, symptoms, treatment and especially how long it lasts.
Pulmonary embolism: definition
A pulmonary embolism is defined as a potentially life-threatening condition where a blockage in the pulmonary arteries forms. Among the most common reasons for this condition, blood clots are the most common. They can form anywhere in the body in the body. When a clot forms in a leg vein, it can be carried by the blood flow to the pulmonary arteries, preventing the blood from flowing.
Pulmonary embolism can also be caused by debris, whether inanimate or animal. This is the case, for example, of fragments of tissue that are able to enter the bloodstream and block the pulmonary arteries.
What are the symptoms of a pulmonary embolism?
There are many symptoms of a pulmonary embolism. Mainly, when a patient suffers from of this disease the most common signs include
- Difficulty breathing;
- Chest pain : it can be sudden and intense ;
- Shortness of breath;
- Heart palpitations;
- Feeling of panic.
When you notice these symptomsit is advisable to to consult a health professionalif you notice these symptoms, it is advisable to consult a health professional, since the disease can be fatal if not treated immediately.
How is pulmonary embolism managed and treated?
When the clot blocks the blood flow, it causes respiratory distress. In fact, it can be fatal to the affected patient if not managed immediately after diagnosis. Prompt management allows for effective treatment and a complete recovery. The treatment of the pathology takes into account the use of medication. These are anticoagulants that have the role of preventing the formation of clots.
The anticoagulants also form a filter in the veins to prevent the clots that have already formed from going to the lungs and heart. It should be noted that patients with advanced disease often need additional oxygen. Otherwise, they may use assisted ventilation. In summary, immediate and effective management helps many patients with pulmonary embolism to recover fully.
How long can a pulmonary embolism last?
The prognosis for the duration of a pulmonary embolism is subject to the risk of death. As a reminder, death can occur after a few hours or days if no action is taken. In a few rare cases, the condition can lead to death within minutes. This is called a “flash” pulmonary embolism.
The length of time a patient with a pulmonary embolism needs to be hospitalized is an average of seven days. Once again, doctors will take into account the stage of the disease in order to take the appropriate measures. Early hospitalization allows patients to make a full recovery and return to their daily lives.